Graders

Here at Capital Area Mopars, we consistently work with cars but we also work with heavy-duty construction vehicles. Some of these vehicles are incredibly complex and difficult to both build these vehicles and repair them. It has become incredibly specialized of us, and people across the country often ask for both our help and support to repair some of their damages heavy duty vehicles. Today we will be looking at construction vehicle the Grader. The grader is known as a motor or road grader, and is designed with a long blade that is created to blade the flat surface during a grading process. Often these vehicles are quite large, and they usually include three axles and the engine and cab area situated above the rear axles.

The blades on the vehicles themselves are relatively large, and the vehicles can carry blades that are the average width of 2.5 to 7.3m. The engines of the Graders themselves also range from 93-373 kW. The vehicles themselves are relatively powerful and can be used for a variety of tasks while also being able to fit and operate a variety of different attachments. Some even use them for mining. Other Graders can even fit two graders at the same time. In construction and civil engineering, the purpose of a grader is to finish the grading process, since with larger jobs scrapers and bulldozers are both able to perform the task of grading while the Grader finishes the process.

Graders are used in principle to ensure that both dirt roads and gravel roads are constructed and maintained to a higher standard. Once the hot gravel is poured onto any craters or empty parts of the road, the Grader is used to both level the gravel so that it stays straight, but also to ensure that the base course it created flat enough to lay the gravel and asphalt to begin with. They can also be used to set the native soil foundations to finish the grade before a construction of a large building. This makes sure that the buildings foundations are both sound and flat before construction.

 

Other purposes

 

You can also use graders for purposes such as producing inclined surfaces and also to give camber to roads. They are used in some countries to actually produce and create the drainage ditches with the v-shaped cross blades on either side of the highways as it is both an easier and more efficient way to do so. The grader itself is actually an evolution from the traction engines and tractors that grew in both size and productivity. They were created as a tractor with a blade attached to the front, and the Caterpillar was the first form of a grader that we know today. Finally, another use for a grader is for a snow removal system that is more efficient than doing so by hand, but also to ensure that the ranches, farms and plantations have dirt tracks that allow for both transport and the ability for plants to grow.

Thank you for reading my blog. Sadly I’m running out of machines, but I am hoping I can still bring out a few more posts! And I wanted to give a special thank you to a company that provides services like loft conversion in Newcastle, as they have been very good to us in giving us their posts!

Loaders

Capital Area Mopar’s bring you informative information on construction vehicles that are used every day. Today, one of the heavy-duty equipment and vehicles that we want to talk about are Loaders. The chances are that although you are unsure of the official name of these vehicles, you have seen them in use before many times for a variety of roles and functions. A loader is actually a heavy equipment machine that is used to move aside raw and heavy materials that are otherwise difficult to move, such as Snow, Dirt, Grave, Minerals, Logs, Sand, Rock and any other heavy raw materials. Some of the materials that are transported can also be used to be transported on other vehicles, and the loader is the perfect equipment for those situations. There are many other names for loaders (usually named after their function) such as the scoop, shovel, skip loader, front loader, bucket loader and even the wheel loader.

The loader in itself is a tractor that is used to scoop materials that are on the floor, but there are other uses for it. The loader itself however is commonly used to scoop materials for the stockpiling of the same materials on a ground level, and deposit it either above or below, or on another vehicle entirely. That is why you would often see them on construction sites for renovations, new builds and demolitions, since the transport of such materials would take much longer without the loader itself. One of the more interesting features of the loader as a vehicle is that it can be manually removed and reassembled, so the bucket can be replaced with something else that may be more necessary. Some decide to add a scoop or mount a fork to the front of the loader for the transportation of more fragile goods, while other equipment like a blade can be used for the destruction of materials or property.

 

Other uses of a Loader

 

There are other uses for the loader that I have yet to discuss, such as the laying of pipe, clearing of rubble and even for digging purposes within mines and quarries. The issue with using a loader as a digging device is that it cannot reach as low within the ground as other vehicles are able to, making it inefficient. But it is still fit for purpose. Loaders themselves aren’t even tracked (although there are vehicles that are known as tracking loaders), meaning that they are more protected with conditions that would damage other tyres.

Often loaders have been used in Canada and the United States as a large, fit for purpose snow plough or blower. The weight and strength of a loader allows it to push or carry large amounts of snow with ease, and is much more effective than doing so manually. But they can also fit areas that are too small for more heavy-duty equipment. Finally, others use a very heavily armoured version of the wheel loader for when the situation or environment is more dangerous than others. It will protect against anything from rocks to Molotov cocktails.

If you enjoyed today’s post or the last posts we have been making, stay tuned for more!

Excavators

One of Capital Area Mopars favourite vehicles for building and construction aid is the excavator. Many may not realise what an excavator is despite the name of the machine, but it is simply the heavy construction equipment that consists of a boom, stick, bucket and cab for the operator in a rotating platform that is the house. Some have often called them power shovels incorrectly, but they are the more mechanized and high-powered version of the steam shovel, requiring hydraulic fluid to operate. At times, excavators have been named by several difference names such as JCB’s, Diggers, 360 excavators and even mechanical shovels. In the UK, we actually call them by the name “Rubber Ducks”.

If you are on a building or construction site there may be a number of reasons you will have to use an excavator during your project. Excavators can be used for both forestry mulching and work, for brush cutting, handling of heavy materials as the bulldozer does, digging of foundations, holes and trenches for the construction site, construction in a general term and even river dredging. Other uses for it have been for general grading and easier landscaping, mining and even as a snow shovel or snow blower during harsh winter conditions.

 

Configurations

 

Where excavators become really interesting and also really useful is with the varying amount of sizes and uses that come with it. The Caterpillar is one of the smaller designed excavators that are regularly used, and it weighs 930kg. Yet the same company creates the largest excavator in the world, which not only weights almost 1 million kilos, but has 4500hp. The actual intensity and design the excavator is insane, and almost incomprehensible if it wasn’t for the fact it has already been completed. The engines themselves drive hydraulic pumps, and the average excavator will have three of these at a time. The two main pumps are actually used to supply oil for the majority of the excavator’s functions, while the third is mainly used to pump into pilot control. Some believe that all three pumps can’t be used at the same time but this is actually a myth since most of the excavator’s functions actually require all three pumps to be used simultaneously.

The excavator itself is attached to both an undercarriage and appendices known as the house. The undercarriage is what is able to hold the blade, tracks, the track frame and the drives, while the house is what holds the operator cab, engine, hydraulic oil tanks, fuel and counter weight for the excavator. Finally, apart from these the excavator also holds the dipper arm, which is the stick that is used to dig through the ground itself. Since the bucket needs a strong pressure, the stick is able to provide that for the excavator which ensures both safety for all at the worksite, but also efficiency.

If you have enjoyed any of our recent blog posts including today, then please carry on reading and checking up on the blog! Capital Area Mopars are dedicated in bringing you the best information about heavy duty building and construction vehicles that you may not already know. Thank you!

Bulldozers

 

Here at Capital Area Motors, we love our building and construction equipment, and especially the heavy equipment vehicles that are used to make architects dreams a reality! We spoke last week about Tower Cranes which are massive, and the week before we spoke the industry of carpentry right now as a whole, but today we are going to talk about probably the most famous construction vehicle known to mankind. The Bulldozer. Even the name of this heavy-duty machinery sounds awesome, and it also is pretty much named after what it does. It absolutely bulldozes large quantities of raw materials, but it is also used for so much more. Like the Tower Crane we spoke about yesterday, the bulldozer is one of the more common and used vehicles by builders because of its versatility and usefulness, and we want to raise some more awareness for the uses of a bulldozer itself.

A bulldozer is simple a crawler vehicle with a huge metal plate attached to the front of the vehicle which is known as a blade. The blade is used to push the large quantities of materials such as soil, sand and rubble during construction, while the back of the bulldozer has a ripper (a claw-like mechanic) that loosens materials that are highly compact and otherwise difficult to loosen. Bulldozers aren’t just used for building and construction jobs however, but are also used for anything from a heavy industry factory or farm to mines and quarries also.

The bulldozer itself requires wide tracks along the bottom of the vehicle to ensure that the distribution of weight is correct, so that it doesn’t both capsize on its side or fall in under itself. Some bulldozers also have extra wide tracks underneath the vehicle to ensure that it has a higher traction weight than other vehicles of its kind. The bulldozer also has a little brother in the Calfdozer, which is designed to do the same purposes over a smaller scale and usually, lighter materials.

 

The Blades

 

The blade of the Bulldozer is one of the most impressive parts about the vehicle itself, due to the sheer amount of heavy materials that it is able to move at any one time. They have a few variations of the blades, such as the Straight Blade, which is used for fine grading and has no lateral curve or wings around it. There is also the universal or U blade, which is large, curved and has a high wingspan to carry a large amount of materials at one time. Finally, there is the S-U blade which is in short, a combination of the two previous blade types and is designed for pushing large rocks.

The other important part of a bulldozer is what is known as the ripper, which is features on the back of a Bulldozer. They are usually single shanks that are able to break rocks that are in the surface ground and able to tear any rubble beneath it. Farmers use these to plough their lands when it is proven difficult or when harder materials prevent the farmers from ploughing the land.

If you enjoyed todays blog posts, please look out for many more that are coming out in the future! Thank you!

Tower Cranes

 

Here at Capital Area Mopars, the main talking point of the blog is the vehicles that are used in construction projects like new builds and renovations. Usually these vehicles are under the title of Heavy Equipment because they refer to heavy duty vehicles that are designed specifically for the execution of construction tasks like earthwork operations. There are a variety of vehicles that are used for these purposes and the chances are you have heard of more than a few. One of the things that these vehicles have in common is the equipment systems that they all use. The process and systems are: traction, structure, power train, control, information and implement. These are the systems that the vehicles have in common and that is what makes them useful for construction projects.

One of the most common construction equipment’s that you will see day to day because of the pure size of them are tower cranes. Tower cranes are the large almost L shaped cranes that are very, very high in the sky and are used for a variety of tasks and reasons. Often, they are hundreds of feet in the air and can often reach just as far as they are high. The crew often use these machines because they need to lift materials that are otherwise difficult to transport such as large steel, heavy concrete and large tools as well as any other type of building materials.

 

The Marvels of Construction – The Tower Crane

 

Tower cranes are (I believe) one of the marvels of modern technology for a very specific reason. Looking at the size of the crane and how they are shaped, you would think that they would just tip over and crush anything in front of them. But there is a very specific reason as to why this is done. The base of the crane is bolted to a large and very sturdy concrete pad to support the cranes weight, while the mast (the shaft of the crane) is connected to that base. That gives the mast an incredibly strong surface for it to be supported unto during construction projects. Finally, the mast has the unit that is known as the machinery arm which is what is used to transport the building materials along the site. What keeps the arm situated onto the mast without danger are counter weights that help balance the crane as a whole, ensuring that nothing actually tips over.

What makes these tower cranes so impressive is that they can have a total height of higher than 300 feet altogether, with a reach of 230 feet. The most impressive part of the crane however is the amount that the crane can hold. The average tower crane is able to hold 19.8 tons at a time, due to the counterweight of 20 tons on the arm. This is what has helped make construction and building projects so easy to complete in modern times.

I really do think that this is one of the more impressive vehicles and modern technology marvels in the modern era. I really hope you enjoyed today’s and yesterday’s blog posts and I hope you look forward to the many yet to come! If you have any comments please do not feel scared to comment too!