One of the vehicles we work with regularly that often stump people are Backhoes. These construction vehicles look to most people like regular loaders with a little, useless arm on the back, and most of the time, people are confused about their purpose. Well, Backhoes (often called JCBs in the UK, and India, due to the company being the first manufacturer and major supplier in the UK) are ingenious little things!

Because of their versatility, to both excavate, load and hold materials, they are used for a massive variety of tasks. Also due to their small frame and precise movements and control, they are absolutely ideal for a wide array of tasks in urban, built-up and tight environments.

Not only does this make them uniquely suited to small, home-owner construction and refurbishment projects – such as loft conversions, landscaping projects and building small outhouses, but also public services. These include tasks such as road paving, breaking asphalt, small demolitions, stump grinding, snow plowing, and almost any other heavy duty tasks needed in urban environments!

Lately, companies have realised just how useful these machines are and have noticed the uptick in the amount of people taking up DIY and construction projects on their own properties. This has caused some ingenious companies such as Kobuta to create subcompact tractors which are just slightly bigger than a lawnmower, but offer all the functionality of a regular sized Backhoe – though this comes at a natural loss of power generated by the machine.


Here at Capital Area Mopars, we consistently work with cars but we also work with heavy-duty construction vehicles. Some of these vehicles are incredibly complex and difficult to both build these vehicles and repair them. It has become incredibly specialized of us, and people across the country often ask for both our help and support to repair some of their damages heavy duty vehicles. Today we will be looking at construction vehicle the Grader. The grader is known as a motor or road grader, and is designed with a long blade that is created to blade the flat surface during a grading process. Often these vehicles are quite large, and they usually include three axles and the engine and cab area situated above the rear axles.

The blades on the vehicles themselves are relatively large, and the vehicles can carry blades that are the average width of 2.5 to 7.3m. The engines of the Graders themselves also range from 93-373 kW. The vehicles themselves are relatively powerful and can be used for a variety of tasks while also being able to fit and operate a variety of different attachments. Some even use them for mining. Other Graders can even fit two graders at the same time. In construction and civil engineering, the purpose of a grader is to finish the grading process, since with larger jobs scrapers and bulldozers are both able to perform the task of grading while the Grader finishes the process.

Graders are used in principle to ensure that both dirt roads and gravel roads are constructed and maintained to a higher standard. Once the hot gravel is poured onto any craters or empty parts of the road, the Grader is used to both level the gravel so that it stays straight, but also to ensure that the base course it created flat enough to lay the gravel and asphalt to begin with. They can also be used to set the native soil foundations to finish the grade before a construction of a large building. This makes sure that the buildings foundations are both sound and flat before construction.


Other purposes


You can also use graders for purposes such as producing inclined surfaces and also to give camber to roads. They are used in some countries to actually produce and create the drainage ditches with the v-shaped cross blades on either side of the highways as it is both an easier and more efficient way to do so. The grader itself is actually an evolution from the traction engines and tractors that grew in both size and productivity. They were created as a tractor with a blade attached to the front, and the Caterpillar was the first form of a grader that we know today. Finally, another use for a grader is for a snow removal system that is more efficient than doing so by hand, but also to ensure that the ranches, farms and plantations have dirt tracks that allow for both transport and the ability for plants to grow.

Thank you for reading my blog. Sadly I’m running out of machines, but I am hoping I can still bring out a few more posts! And I wanted to give a special thank you to a company that provides services like loft conversion in Newcastle, as they have been very good to us in giving us their posts!


Capital Area Mopar’s bring you informative information on construction vehicles that are used every day. Today, one of the heavy-duty equipment and vehicles that we want to talk about are Loaders. The chances are that although you are unsure of the official name of these vehicles, you have seen them in use before many times for a variety of roles and functions. A loader is actually a heavy equipment machine that is used to move aside raw and heavy materials that are otherwise difficult to move, such as Snow, Dirt, Grave, Minerals, Logs, Sand, Rock and any other heavy raw materials. Some of the materials that are transported can also be used to be transported on other vehicles, and the loader is the perfect equipment for those situations. There are many other names for loaders (usually named after their function) such as the scoop, shovel, skip loader, front loader, bucket loader and even the wheel loader.

The loader in itself is a tractor that is used to scoop materials that are on the floor, but there are other uses for it. The loader itself however is commonly used to scoop materials for the stockpiling of the same materials on a ground level, and deposit it either above or below, or on another vehicle entirely. That is why you would often see them on construction sites for renovations, new builds and demolitions, since the transport of such materials would take much longer without the loader itself. One of the more interesting features of the loader as a vehicle is that it can be manually removed and reassembled, so the bucket can be replaced with something else that may be more necessary. Some decide to add a scoop or mount a fork to the front of the loader for the transportation of more fragile goods, while other equipment like a blade can be used for the destruction of materials or property.


Other uses of a Loader


There are other uses for the loader that I have yet to discuss, such as the laying of pipe, clearing of rubble and even for digging purposes within mines and quarries. The issue with using a loader as a digging device is that it cannot reach as low within the ground as other vehicles are able to, making it inefficient. But it is still fit for purpose. Loaders themselves aren’t even tracked (although there are vehicles that are known as tracking loaders), meaning that they are more protected with conditions that would damage other tyres.

Often loaders have been used in Canada and the United States as a large, fit for purpose snow plough or blower. The weight and strength of a loader allows it to push or carry large amounts of snow with ease, and is much more effective than doing so manually. But they can also fit areas that are too small for more heavy-duty equipment. Finally, others use a very heavily armoured version of the wheel loader for when the situation or environment is more dangerous than others. It will protect against anything from rocks to Molotov cocktails.

If you enjoyed today’s post or the last posts we have been making, stay tuned for more!


One of Capital Area Mopars favourite vehicles for building and construction aid is the excavator. Many may not realise what an excavator is despite the name of the machine, but it is simply the heavy construction equipment that consists of a boom, stick, bucket and cab for the operator in a rotating platform that is the house. Some have often called them power shovels incorrectly, but they are the more mechanized and high-powered version of the steam shovel, requiring hydraulic fluid to operate. At times, excavators have been named by several difference names such as JCB’s, Diggers, 360 excavators and even mechanical shovels. In the UK, we actually call them by the name “Rubber Ducks”.

If you are on a building or construction site there may be a number of reasons you will have to use an excavator during your project. Excavators can be used for both forestry mulching and work, for brush cutting, handling of heavy materials as the bulldozer does, digging of foundations, holes and trenches for the construction site, construction in a general term and even river dredging. Other uses for it have been for general grading and easier landscaping, mining and even as a snow shovel or snow blower during harsh winter conditions.




Where excavators become really interesting and also really useful is with the varying amount of sizes and uses that come with it. The Caterpillar is one of the smaller designed excavators that are regularly used, and it weighs 930kg. Yet the same company creates the largest excavator in the world, which not only weights almost 1 million kilos, but has 4500hp. The actual intensity and design the excavator is insane, and almost incomprehensible if it wasn’t for the fact it has already been completed. The engines themselves drive hydraulic pumps, and the average excavator will have three of these at a time. The two main pumps are actually used to supply oil for the majority of the excavator’s functions, while the third is mainly used to pump into pilot control. Some believe that all three pumps can’t be used at the same time but this is actually a myth since most of the excavator’s functions actually require all three pumps to be used simultaneously.

The excavator itself is attached to both an undercarriage and appendices known as the house. The undercarriage is what is able to hold the blade, tracks, the track frame and the drives, while the house is what holds the operator cab, engine, hydraulic oil tanks, fuel and counter weight for the excavator. Finally, apart from these the excavator also holds the dipper arm, which is the stick that is used to dig through the ground itself. Since the bucket needs a strong pressure, the stick is able to provide that for the excavator which ensures both safety for all at the worksite, but also efficiency.

If you have enjoyed any of our recent blog posts including today, then please carry on reading and checking up on the blog! Capital Area Mopars are dedicated in bringing you the best information about heavy duty building and construction vehicles that you may not already know. Thank you!



Here at Capital Area Motors, we love our building and construction equipment, and especially the heavy equipment vehicles that are used to make architects dreams a reality! We spoke last week about Tower Cranes which are massive, and the week before we spoke the industry of carpentry right now as a whole, but today we are going to talk about probably the most famous construction vehicle known to mankind. The Bulldozer. Even the name of this heavy-duty machinery sounds awesome, and it also is pretty much named after what it does. It absolutely bulldozes large quantities of raw materials, but it is also used for so much more. Like the Tower Crane we spoke about yesterday, the bulldozer is one of the more common and used vehicles by builders because of its versatility and usefulness, and we want to raise some more awareness for the uses of a bulldozer itself.

A bulldozer is simple a crawler vehicle with a huge metal plate attached to the front of the vehicle which is known as a blade. The blade is used to push the large quantities of materials such as soil, sand and rubble during construction, while the back of the bulldozer has a ripper (a claw-like mechanic) that loosens materials that are highly compact and otherwise difficult to loosen. Bulldozers aren’t just used for building and construction jobs however, but are also used for anything from a heavy industry factory or farm to mines and quarries also.

The bulldozer itself requires wide tracks along the bottom of the vehicle to ensure that the distribution of weight is correct, so that it doesn’t both capsize on its side or fall in under itself. Some bulldozers also have extra wide tracks underneath the vehicle to ensure that it has a higher traction weight than other vehicles of its kind. The bulldozer also has a little brother in the Calfdozer, which is designed to do the same purposes over a smaller scale and usually, lighter materials.


The Blades


The blade of the Bulldozer is one of the most impressive parts about the vehicle itself, due to the sheer amount of heavy materials that it is able to move at any one time. They have a few variations of the blades, such as the Straight Blade, which is used for fine grading and has no lateral curve or wings around it. There is also the universal or U blade, which is large, curved and has a high wingspan to carry a large amount of materials at one time. Finally, there is the S-U blade which is in short, a combination of the two previous blade types and is designed for pushing large rocks.

The other important part of a bulldozer is what is known as the ripper, which is features on the back of a Bulldozer. They are usually single shanks that are able to break rocks that are in the surface ground and able to tear any rubble beneath it. Farmers use these to plough their lands when it is proven difficult or when harder materials prevent the farmers from ploughing the land.

If you enjoyed todays blog posts, please look out for many more that are coming out in the future! Thank you!

Tower Cranes


Here at Capital Area Mopars, the main talking point of the blog is the vehicles that are used in construction projects like new builds and renovations. Usually these vehicles are under the title of Heavy Equipment because they refer to heavy duty vehicles that are designed specifically for the execution of construction tasks like earthwork operations. There are a variety of vehicles that are used for these purposes and the chances are you have heard of more than a few. One of the things that these vehicles have in common is the equipment systems that they all use. The process and systems are: traction, structure, power train, control, information and implement. These are the systems that the vehicles have in common and that is what makes them useful for construction projects.

One of the most common construction equipment’s that you will see day to day because of the pure size of them are tower cranes. Tower cranes are the large almost L shaped cranes that are very, very high in the sky and are used for a variety of tasks and reasons. Often, they are hundreds of feet in the air and can often reach just as far as they are high. The crew often use these machines because they need to lift materials that are otherwise difficult to transport such as large steel, heavy concrete and large tools as well as any other type of building materials.


The Marvels of Construction – The Tower Crane


Tower cranes are (I believe) one of the marvels of modern technology for a very specific reason. Looking at the size of the crane and how they are shaped, you would think that they would just tip over and crush anything in front of them. But there is a very specific reason as to why this is done. The base of the crane is bolted to a large and very sturdy concrete pad to support the cranes weight, while the mast (the shaft of the crane) is connected to that base. That gives the mast an incredibly strong surface for it to be supported unto during construction projects. Finally, the mast has the unit that is known as the machinery arm which is what is used to transport the building materials along the site. What keeps the arm situated onto the mast without danger are counter weights that help balance the crane as a whole, ensuring that nothing actually tips over.

What makes these tower cranes so impressive is that they can have a total height of higher than 300 feet altogether, with a reach of 230 feet. The most impressive part of the crane however is the amount that the crane can hold. The average tower crane is able to hold 19.8 tons at a time, due to the counterweight of 20 tons on the arm. This is what has helped make construction and building projects so easy to complete in modern times.

I really do think that this is one of the more impressive vehicles and modern technology marvels in the modern era. I really hope you enjoyed today’s and yesterday’s blog posts and I hope you look forward to the many yet to come! If you have any comments please do not feel scared to comment too!


Carpentry saws a long saw with a circular saw on the background of a carpentry workshop


Capital Area Mopars is a blog that is dedicated not only to loft conversions, construction and the vehicles that are required to do them correctly, but also our thoughts and feelings on it all. Every day around the world there are hundreds of new buildings that are either starting or closing to completion, and there are so many vehicles, people, time and costs that are dedicated towards them that it is so easy to forget how large the industry is and how much money is in the industry too. There are entire vehicles that are dedicated to making sure that the buildings are constructed as safely and efficiently as possible and this is done by the vehicles that support the build process.

There are some buildings that are literally 100 storeys large that take a decade or more to construct from start to finish and a lot of the work that is done to ensure the building is constructed correctly is down to things like Bulldozers. For those who are unsure what a Mopar is, it is a provider and supplier of specific car materials and a lot of the time the materials are necessary for construction vehicles. That is why it is important to note just some of the vehicles that are used if you are a builder or looking to have a new construction for you.

Another importance that I want to point out is how important construction and carpentry is for the world economy and for the average person. Every day we are (if you are not very unfortunate) inside a building like your home or work, and a team of construction workers and very talented people constructed that building for you to be inside. In doing so, they not only had to use hundreds in material and labour costs but also time and materials that were provided and necessary too. Every day we see years of hard work and we do not register that into our minds because we feel that all that is important to us is being inside the building itself. That is why we should also be somewhat respectful towards those who took their time and effort to construct that building that you are inside.

Carpentry is just as an important part of that as the door frames and foundations wouldn’t be possible without carpenter’s skillsets. They are the ones who create such large and amazing structural foundations to ensure these buildings are able to last for hundreds of years. People are often underappreciative of the carpenters input within the entire building process because often they are not seen as the main constructers. But any builder and architect will tell you that without them, the buildings are not able to stand the way they do and even at times look the way that they do.

The truth of it is that every day we have many people around the world that are constructing buildings of all lengths and sizes and the true time and resources that are dedicated towards making these buildings and ensuring that they stand are often underappreciated and unrealised. That is why this blog will make sure to give recognition to all of those who deserve it.

Our New Blog

Thanks for visiting our new blog! This blog is devoted to loft conversions, construction and new buildings, and especially the vehicles used to do it! Check back often for lots of interesting content!